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Download and Stage the Database Software

Download the desired Oracle Database 12c software from OTN: http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/downloads/index.html
 
Next, as the installing user, create a directory to stage the software.
$ mkdir -p /u01/stage/db12c
 
Copy the linuxamd64_12c_database_1of2.zip and linuxamd64_12c_database_2of2.zip files to the staging directory /u01/stage/db12c, then unzip each file:
$ unzip     linuxamd64_12c_database_1of2.zip
$ unzip     linuxamd64_12c_database_2of2.zip
 
You should now have a directory called database with the installation files.
$ ll /u01/stage/db12c/
 
total 2419492
drwxr-xr-x 1 oracle oinstall 110 Jun 10 2013 database
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 1361028723 Jun 16 17:52 linuxamd64_12c_database_1of2.zip
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 1116527103 Jun 16 17:53 linuxamd64_12c_database_2of2.zip
 

Create the Required Directories using the Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) Standard 

The Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) standard is a set of file naming recommendations for managing Oracle installations. The Optimal Flexible Architecture standard offers mount point, directory, and file-naming conventions that work with the Oracle Universal Installer. The Optimal Flexible Architecture includes where to install each part of each Oracle product including the storage of the applications and the data.
 
To create the directories for Oracle software installation using the Optimal Flexible Architecture standard, as root, type the following:
# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1
# cd /u01
# chown -R oracle:oinstall app
# chmod -R 775 app/*
 
Tip: /u01 should be owned by root user

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